What does a primary care physician do?


To become a qualified doctor, the person needs many years of education and training. A primary physician is a doctor who specializes in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of a huge array of illnesses and injuries. General physicians can provide comprehensive care.

That means they can detect and treat chronic, long-term ailments like Diabetes, Mellitus, etc. They can also treat acute problems like bronchitis, allergic reactions, colds, flu, etc. Let us know more about what a general physician does.

Check the wellness of overall physical properties

Primary care physicians check the physical properties of a human body. They run full-body scans and detect any internal ailment if present. If they find any problem inside, they treat the problem through appropriate medicines.

If the ailment is in a serious condition or attains a bigger version and requires specialized treatment, then they spot the area of problem and ask the patient to consult a doctor specialized in treating that area.

Conduct intensive common issues prevention screenings

If a person is suffering from common and minor problems, then they always visit a general physician or his/her family doctor. People do so to get primary treatment from primary care physicians. They can choose any good doctor from a huge list of physicians over the internet.

Physicians prevent common issues like high blood pressure, diabetes, Mellitus, high cholesterol, sexually transmitted diseases. PCPs also check prostate status, immunization status, risk factors of heart, signs of domestic violence, etc.

Treat acute illness efficiently

Sometimes many common issues take a serious turn. These are not based on any specific organ. So consultation with a specialist doctor is not needed.

General physicians can treat acute conditions like viral, bacterial, and fungal infections, asthma attacks, migraine and sinusitis attacks, and urinary infections.

They also manage fever, dehydration, muscle sprains, and all sorts of skin infections. They also research for proper medications, conduct EKG for the heart, do spirometry tests for the lungs. They also perform lab tests for diagnosis of patient condition.

Take intensive care of injuries.

People can take care of small scratches and wounds by themselves. But when a person faces bone fractures, nervous ailment, torn ligaments, intense muscle pain due to an accident, then general physicians are required.

They can take care of these painful injuries in better ways. They provide intensive wound care. They use splint, cast, or brace injured limbs and also treat dislocated bones. They do preliminary tests for bone fractures. Physicians also prescribe specialists whenever required.

Provide excellent treatment for chronic conditions

When a person is suffering from a long-term chronic condition, a primary care physician can assist intense care with a specialist. They also prescribe proper medications, adjust when required, and even change them if they stop working.

They run necessary lab tests to monitor their patient’s health condition and progress. They can provide you with proper diet, exercises, and self-care plans. PCPs also monitor drug interactions if a patient is treated for multiple ailments.

Deal with anxiety and depression skilfully

In today’s world, people, mostly youngsters, suffer from major anxiety and depression issues. Youngsters lie on the verge of their careers and making their life. In that journey, they face failures that result in anxiety and depression.

These situations can be handled by primary care physicians efficiently.

They provide effective medicines to treat anxiety and depression with dosage depending on factors like patient’s condition, gender, weight, body structure, etc. they also prescribe the patients participate in motivational drives.


Primary care physicians can take care of a person at a preliminary stage. The things that they can do are of worth. They can at least detect the area of ailment, which is a great help to any specialist. So, in regular day-to-day life, the availability of a general physician is very important.